Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron


Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron
(1809-1891)
   administrator, urban planner
   Georges-Eugène, Baron Haussmann, who extensively redesigned paris during the reign of napoléon III (1852-70), was born in that city and began his administrative career shortly after the revolution of July 1830. He supported Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte in the coup d'état of December 2, 1851, then the establishment of the second empire. Haussmann became prefect of the Seine (1853) and remained in that post for 17 years, becoming also a senator and a baron. His plan for the reconstruction of Paris called for new and wider boulevards, new parks, in particular the Bois de Boulogne, and railway stations outside the city. Much of medieval Paris was demolished during his rebuilding. The main part of Haussmann's plans involved grand boulevards punctuated by circular plazas. This also facilitated troop movements and prevented the erection of barricades. such boulevards provide beautiful vistas of such landmarks as the Opéra and the arc de triomphe. In large part, Haussmann's efforts to embellish and clean up the capital were done to enhance the reputation and prestige of the regime and to eliminate the old quarters of the city that, since 1789 had been places of revolutionary activity. These improvements, however, forced the working-class population to migrate to the suburbs. Haussmann, to realize his project to transform Paris, became involved in some questionable financial matters and was strongly attacked in public opinion and in the national legislature. After the publication of jules ferry's critical Comptes fantastiques d'Haussmann, Haussmann was replaced (1869). Nonetheless, his innovations had a major influence on later urban design, especially in Europe, Latin America, and many former French colonies.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron — ▪ French civil servant born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris  French administrator responsible for the transformation of Paris from its ancient character to the one that it still largely preserves. Though the aesthetic merits… …   Universalium

  • Haussmann, Georges Eugène, barón de — ► (1809 91) Político francés. Como prefecto del Sena durante el segundo Imperio, llevó a cabo un importante plan de reformas en París que ha determinado su actual fisonomía urbana …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges-Eugène Baron Haussmann — Georges Eugène Haussmann Georges Eugène Baron Haussmann (* 27. März 1809 in Paris; † 11. Januar 1891 ebenda) war französischer Präfekt von Paris und Stadtplaner. Er gab Paris Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein modernes Stadtbild, das bis heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène — later Baron Haussmann born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris French administrator and city planner. He entered the French civil service in 1831 and became prefect of the Seine department (1853–70). He inaugurated a wide… …   Universalium

  • Haussmann, Georges-Eugène — post. barón Haussmann (27 mar. 1809, París, Francia–11 ene. 1891, París). Alcalde y urbanista francés. En 1831 comenzó en el servicio público francés y se convirtió en prefecto del departamento del Sena (1853–70). Inauguró un programa de amplio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges-Eugène Haussmann — Georges Eugène Baron Haussmann (* 27. März 1809 in Paris; † 11. Januar 1891 ebenda) war Präfekt des französischen Départements Seine und Stadtplaner von Paris. Er gab Paris Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein modernes Stadtbild, das bis heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Eugène Haussmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hausmann. Georges Eugène Haussmann Portrait d Haussmann en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges-Eugène Haussmann — en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Eugene Haussmann — Georges Eugène Haussmann Georges Eugène Haussmann en 1865 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haussmann, Baron Georges Eugène — Hauss·mann (housʹmən, ōs mänʹ), Baron Georges Eugène. 1809 1891. French public official who planned and oversaw numerous municipal improvements to Paris during the tenure of Napoleon III. * * * …   Universalium